U.S. Open golf 2016: Records, all-time leaders, history at Oakmont

Written By Steve Petrella
us-open-golf-2016-all-time-leaders-records-courses-oakmont-history-tiger-woods-jack-nicklaus.jpg
(Getty Images)

The U.S. Open and Oakmont Country Club in western Pennsylvania have a long history in the annals of golf. It's the course that's hosted the most U.S. Opens, a record eight times — 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007. 

Angel Cabrera won the last U.S. Open at Oakmont in 2007 at five-over par, the sixth-worst finishing score in tournament history since World War II. But that's often the beauty of the U.S. Open. Even the best golfers in the world can't score under par on these challenging courses. 

MORE: U.S. Open golf past winners | Foreign U.S. Open winners

There are many more records to check out, so let's get to it. Ahead of the 2016 U.S. Open, let's check out some more from golf's toughest test.

U.S. Open records, all-time leaders

All records are courtesy of usopen.com's terrific database.

Oldest Champion (years/months/days)
45/0/15 Hale Irwin, 1990 
43/9/11 Raymond Floyd, 1986 
43/4/16 Ted Ray, 1920

Youngest
19/10/14 John J. McDermott, 1911

Youngest to Make Cut (since World War II) 
17/3/0 Beau Hossler, 2012, T29 
18/1/25 Bobby Clampett, 1978, T30 
18/4/25 Jack Nicklaus, 1958, T41

Oldest to Make Cut 
61 Sam Snead, 1973, T29 
60 Tom Watson, 2010, T29 
58 Jack Nicklaus, 1998, T43

Youngest Competitor 
14/6/0 Andy Zhang, 2012 
15/5/7 Tadd Fujikawa, 2006 
15/9/21 Cole Hammer, 2015

Amateur Champions
Francis Ouimet, The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1913 
Jerome D. Travers, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1915 
Charles Evans Jr., Minikahda Club, Minneapolis, Minn., 1916 
Robert T. Jones Jr., Inwood (N.Y.) C.C., 1923; Scioto C.C., Columbus, Ohio, 1926; Winged Foot G.C., Mamaroneck, N.Y., 1929; Interlachen C.C., Edina, Minn., 1930 
John Goodman, North Shore C.C., Glenview, Ill., 1933

Most Victories 

4 — Willie Anderson (1901, 1903, 1904, 1905)
4 — Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930)
4 — Ben Hogan (1948, 1950, 1951, 1953)
4 — Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980)
3 — Hale Irwin (1974, 1979, 1990)
3 — Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008)

Consecutive Victories

3 — Willie Anderson (1903, 1904, 1905)
2 — John J. McDermott (1911, 1912)
2 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1929, 1930)
2 — Ralph Guldahl (1937, 1938)
2 — Ben Hogan (1950, 1951)
2 — Curtis Strange (1988, 1989)

Wire-to-wire winners

Walter Hagen (1914) 
James Barnes (1921) 
Ben Hogan (1953) 
Tony Jacklin (1970) 
Tiger Woods (2000, 2002)
Rory McIlroy (2011)
Martin Kaymer (2014) 

Winner of U.S. Open and U.S. Amateur

Francis Ouimet (1913 Open; 1914, 1931 Amateurs)
Jerome D. Travers (1915 Open; 1907, 1908, 1912, 1913 Amateurs)
*Charles Evans Jr. (1916 Open; 1916, 1920 Amateurs)
*a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1923, 1926, 1929, 1930 Opens; 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1930 Amateurs)
John Goodman (1933 Open; 1937 Amateur)
Lawson Little (1940 Open; 1934, 1935 Amateurs)
Arnold Palmer (1960 Open; 1954 Amateur)
Gene Littler (1961 Open; 1953 Amateur)
Jack Nicklaus (1962, 1967, 1972, 1980 Opens; 1959, 1961 Amateurs)
Jerry Pate (1976 Open, 1974 Amateur)
Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008 Opens; 1994, 1995, 1996 Amateurs)

*won both in same year

Winner of U.S. Open and U.S. Junior Amateur

Johnny Miller (1973 Open; 1964 Junior)
Tiger Woods (2000, 2002, 2008 Open; 1991, 1992, 1993 Juniors)
Jordan Spieth (2015 Open; 2009, 2011 Junior)

Winner of U.S. Junior Amateur, U.S. Amateur and U.S. Open

Tiger Woods (1991, 1992, 1993 Juniors; 1994, 1995, 1996 Amateurs; 2000, 2002, 2008 Opens)

Longest Courses

7,695 yards Chambers Bay, second round, University Place, Wash., 2015 
7,637 yards Chambers Bay, third round, University Place, Wash., 2015 
7,603 yards Torrey Pines G.C. (South Course), second round, San Diego, Calif., 2008

Shortest Course

4,423 yards — Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 1896

Since World War II

6,528 yards — Merion G.C. (East Course), Ardmore, Pa. (1971, 1981)

Lowest Score, 72 Holes

268 — Rory McIlroy (65-66-68-69), Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
271 — Martin Kaymer (65-65-72-69), Pinehurst R. & C.C. (No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C., 2014
272 — Jack Nicklaus (63-71-70-68), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1980
272 — Lee Janzen (67-67-69-69), Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
272 — Tiger Woods (12 under par) (65-69-71-67), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000
272 — Jim Furyk (67-66-67-72), Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Most Strokes Under Par, 72 Holes

16 Under (268) — Rory McIlroy, Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
12 under (272) — Tiger Woods, Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000
9 under (271) — Martin Kaymer, Pinehurst R. & C.C. (No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C., 2014
8 under (276) — Ben Hogan, Riviera C.C., Los Angeles, Calif., 1948
8 under (272) — Jack Nicklaus, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
8 under (280) — Hale Irwin, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 Course), 1990
8 under (280) — Mike Donald, Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 Course), 1990
8 under (272) — Lee Janzen, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1993
8 under (272) — Jim Furyk, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Most Strokes Under Par at Any Point

17 — Rory McIlroy (fourth round), Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md. 2011
12 — Tiger Woods (fourth round), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000 
12 — Gil Morgan (third round), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992
11 — Jim Furyk (third round), Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
11 — Ricky Barnes (third round), Bethpage State Park (Black Course), Farmingdale, N.Y., 2009
10 — Martin Kaymer (second round), Pinehurst R. & C.C. (No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C., 2014

Lowest Score, Any Round

63 (8 under) — Johnny Miller, final round, Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973
63 (7 under) — Jack Nicklaus, first round, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
63 (7 under) — Tom Weiskopf, first round, Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1980
63 (7 under) — Vijay Singh, second round, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Lowest Score, 9 Holes

29 — Neal Lancaster, Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y. (fourth round, second nine), 1995
29 — Neal Lancaster, Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich. (second round, second nine), 1996
29 — Vijay Singh, Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill. (second round, second nine), 2003
29 — Louis Oosthuizen, Chambers Bay, University Place, Wash. (fourth round, second nine), 2015

Largest 54-Hole Lead

10 — Tiger Woods (205), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000
8 — Rory McIlroy (199), Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
7 — James Barnes (217), Columbia C.C., Chevy Chase, Md., 1921

Largest 36-Hole Lead

6 — Tiger Woods (134) Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000
6 — Rory McIlroy (131), Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
6 — Martin Kaymer, Pinehurst R. & C.C. (No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C., 2014
5 — Willie Anderson (149), Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1903
4 — Tom McNamara (142), Englewood (N.J.) G.C., 1909
4 — James Barnes (144), Columbia C.C., Chevy Chase, Md., 1921

Best Comeback by Winner, Final Round

7 strokes — Arnold Palmer (72-71-72-65), Cherry Hills C.C., Englewood, Colo., 1960
6 strokes — Johnny Miller (71-69-76-63), Oakmont (Pa.) C.C., 1973
5 strokes — Johnny Farrell (77-74-71-72), Olympia Fields (Ill.) C.C., 1928
5 strokes — Byron Nelson (72-73-71-68), Philadephia C.C., West Conshohocken, Pa., 1939
5 strokes — Lee Janzen (73-66-73-68), The Olympic Club (Lake Course), San Francisco, Calif., 1998

Best Comeback by Winner, Final 36 Holes

11 — Lou Graham, Medinah (Ill.) C.C., 1975

Largest Winning Margin

15 strokes — Tiger Woods (272), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 2000 (largest winning margin in all majors)
11 strokes — Willie Smith (315), Baltimore (Md.) C.C., 1899
9 strokes — James Barnes (289), Columbia C.C., Chevy Chase, Md., 1921
8 strokes — Martin Kaymer, Pinehurst R. & C.C. (No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C., 2014

Highest Winning Score

331 — Willie Anderson, Myopia Hunt Club, South Hamilton, Mass., 1901 (won in playoff)

Since World War II

293 — Julius Boros, The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1963 (won in playoff)
290 — Jack Nicklaus, Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972

Fewest Sub-Par Rounds

Since World War I:
0 — Brae Burn C.C., West Newton, Mass., 1919

Since World War II: 

2 — Oakland Hills C.C., Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1951

Most Over-Par Rounds

432 — Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1996
427 — Philadelphia (Pa.) C.C., 1939
424 — Oakmont C.C., Oakmont, Pa., 1935

Highest 36-Hole Cut

Since World War II:

155 (15 over) — Olympic Club, San Francisco, Calif., 1955
154 (14 over) — Southern Hills C.C., Tulsa, Okla., 1958
154 (10 over) — Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1972

Lowest 36-Hole Cut

143 (+3) — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
144 (+4) — Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993
145 (+1) — Medinah (Ill.) C.C., (No.3 Course), 1990
145 (+5) — Oakland Hills C.C., (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1985
145 (+5) — Oak Hill C.C., (East Course), Rochester, N.Y., 1989
145 (+5) — Shinnecock Hills G.C., Southampton, N.Y., 2004
145 (+5) — Pinehurst R. & C.C. (No. 2), Village of Pinehurst, N.C., 2014
145 (+5) — Chambers Bay, University Place, Wash., 2015

Most Players to Make Cut

108 — Oakland Hills C.C. (South Course), Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1996
88 — Baltusrol G.C. (Lower Course), Springfield, N.J., 1993

Most Sub-Par Rounds

124 — Medinah (Ill.) C.C. (No. 3 Course), 1990
108 — Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
83 — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003

Most Rounds in the 60s

83 — Olympia Fields C.C. (North Course), Olympia Fields, Ill., 2003
76 — Baltusrol G.C., Springfield, N.J., 1993 
71 — Chambers Bay, University Place, Wash., 2015 
62 — Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011

Most Sub-Par 72-Hole Totals

28 — Medinah C.C., Medinah, Ill., 1990
20 — Congressional C.C. (Blue Course), Bethesda, Md., 2011
11 — The Country Club, Brookline, Mass., 1988

Highest Score, One Hole 

19 — Ray Ainsley, 16th Hole (par 4), Cherry Hills C.C., Englewood, Colo., 1938

Most Consecutive Birdies

6 — George Burns (holes 2-7), Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1982
6 — Andy Dillard (holes 1-6) Pebble Beach (Calif.) G.L., 1992

Most Consecutive Opens Started

44 — Jack Nicklaus
34 — Hale Irwin
33 — Gene Sarazen
33 — Tom Kite

Most Opens Completed, 72 Holes

35 — Jack Nicklaus 
27 — Sam Snead
27 — Hale Irwin 
26 — Gene Sarazen
26 — Raymond Floyd

Most second-place finishes

6 — Phil Mickelson (1999, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2013)
4 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr. (1922, 1924, 1925, 1928)
4 — Sam Snead (1937, 1947, 1949, 1953)
4 — Jack Nicklaus (1960, 1968, 1971, 1982)
4 — Arnold Palmer (1962, 1963, 1966, 1967)
3 — Alex Smith (1898, 1901, 1905)
3 — Tom McNamara (1909, 1912, 1915)
3 — Colin Montgomerie (1994, 1997, 2006)

Most top-5 finishes 

11 — Willie Anderson
11 — Jack Nicklaus
10 — Alex Smith
10 — Walter Hagen
10 — Ben Hogan
10 — Arnold Palmer
9 — a-Robert T. Jones Jr.
9 — Gene Sarazen
9 — Julius Boros 

Most top-10 finishes 

18 — Jack Nicklaus
16 — Walter Hagen
15 — Ben Hogan

Most top-25 finishes 

22 — Jack Nicklaus
21 — Sam Snead
20 — Walter Hagen

Players Who Led First Three Rounds But Did Not Win (9)

Willie Smith, 1908
Mike Brady, 1912
Mike Souchak, 1960
Bert Yancey, 1968
Hale Irwin, 1984
Tze-Chung Chen, 1985
Gil Morgan, 1992
Payne Stewart, 1998
Phil Mickelson (2013)

Playoffs

33 in 111 Championships

The last...

Last international champion

Martin Kaymer, 2014 (Germany)

Last to defend title successfully

Curtis Strange, 1989

Last to win three consecutive Opens

Willie Anderson, 1903-05

Last winner who won the Open on his first try

Francis Ouimet, 1913 

Last winner to win the Open on his second try

Jerry Pate, T-18th in first in 1975, winner in 1976

Last amateur to win Open

John Goodman, 1933

Last start-to-finish winner (no ties)

Martin Kaymer, 2014

Last winner to win money title in same year

Jordan Spieth, 2015

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole

Jordan Spieth, 2015

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to force a playoff

Tiger Woods, 2008

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to win by one stroke

Jordan Spieth, 2015

Last winner to birdie the 72nd hole to win by two strokes

Lee Janzen, 1993

Last to win without a round in the 60s

Geoff Ogilvy, Austrialia, 2006 

Last to win with all rounds in the 60s

Rory McIlroy, 2011

Last to win with a round in the 80s

80, John McDermott, playoff in 1911

Last to win after being in sectional qualifying

Lucas Glover, 2009

Last to win after being in local and sectional qualifying

Orville Moody, 1969 

Last winner over age 40

Payne Stewart was 42, 1999 (6th oldest in history)

Last winner who received a special exemption

Hale Irwin, 1990

Last defending champion to miss the cut

Martin Kaymer, 2015

Last to win without a sub-par round

Geoff Ogilvy, 2006

Latest News

Tiger-Woods-113021-Getty-FTR
Tiger Woods unsure if he will ever compete on PGA Tour: 'I'm so far from that'
Tiger Woods reflects on recovery from crash
Tiger Woods-111320-GETTY-FTR
Tiger Woods explains why he won't play golf full time 'ever again' in latest recovery update
Tiger Woods explains why he won't play golf full time 'ever again'
Lee-Elder-112921
Golf world reacts to death of Lee Elder, first Black golfer to play the Masters
Golfers, other athletes react to the passing of Lee Elder
Brooks-Koepka-Bryson-DeChambeau-112621
Bryson DeChambeau vs. Brooks Koepka results: Koepka dominates rival in 'The Match' 5
'The Match' 5 results: Koepka dominates DeChambeau
Phil-Mickelson-112621
Phil Mickelson steals the show as a commentator for 'The Match'
Phil Mickelson steals the show at 'The Match'